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Teen Matters

Teen Hair 101

May 1st, 2012

By: Elizabeth Cunnane Phillips

Puberty Scalp Changes

  • At puberty, the sebaceous glands enlarge, resulting in an increased production of sebum, the oily substance that lubricates every hair as it emerges from the scalp
  • An excess of this can lead to greasy hair, which sometimes can have an unpleasant odour
  • The solution is frequent washing, which encourages the scalp to lessen the amount of grease produced


  • Certain yeasts can cause dandruff; medicated shampoo should be used to reduce the population of these yeasts on the scalp
  • Stress can also increase dandruff; daily washing is the best to optimize the health of the hair and scalp


  • Diet has an important influence on the hair, so teenagers should eat a balanced diet, with an emphasis on freshly prepared foods
  • A good intake of protein is important for the body to be able to produce strong hair
    • Hairs are made of a type of protein called Keratin
  • It is particularly important once girls start menstruating that they have a good intake of iron rich foods, as maintaining adequate iron is vital for optimum hair growth

Hair Processing

  • Hair straightening and curling irons have become extremely popular with young girls, but they can be quite damaging to the hair
  • Protective serums may protect the hair, but it is best not to use the hair straightener or curling iron every day

Hair Coloring

  • It is always best to have hair coloured professionally in a salon, rather than attempting to colour the hair at home
  • After care is important to counteract the dying effect that all color products ha on the hair
  • Regular use of an intensive hair conditioning treatment will help to maintain the moisture and hydrate the dry hair

Elizabeth Cunnane Phillips is a Trichologist with the Philip Kingsley Clinic.

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